国庆节的由来

时间:2011-09-14 17:45:47   来源:   编辑:易双双

国庆节的由来


听读练习Listening and Reading
音频下载 Download

1949年10月1日,是新中国诞生的纪念日。同年,中央人民政府委员会第四次会议接受全国政协的建议,通过了《关于中华人民共和国国庆日的决议》,决定每年10月1日,即中华人民共和国宣告成立的伟大日子,为中华人民共和国国庆日。
October 1st 1949 is the commemoration day of the establishment of the People’s Republic of China. The RESOLUTION ON THE NATIONAL DAY OF THE PEOPLES REPUBLIC OF CHINA is passed by the forth conference of the Central People's Government Commission of accepting the proposal of the CPPCC in the same year. The resolution announced the day of founding of the People’s Republic of China will be the National Day on first of October every year.

 国庆节是每个国家的重要节日,都会举行国庆盛典,但名称有所不同,世界各国确定国庆节的依据也是千奇百怪。据统计,全世界以国家建立的时间为国庆节的国家有35个。有些国家以国家独立日为国庆节。1804年1月1日,海地人民歼灭了拿破仑的6万远征军,在太子港宣布独立,从此就把每年的1月1日定为国庆节。墨西哥、加纳等国也是如此。还有些国家以武装起义纪念日作为国庆节。7月14日是法国国庆日。1789年的这一天,巴黎人民攻占了象征封建统治的巴士底狱,推翻了君主政权。另有一些国家以重大会议日为国庆节。美国以1776年7月4日大陆会议通过《独立宣言》的日子为国庆日。还有以国家元首的生日或登基日为国庆节的,如尼泊尔、泰国、瑞典、荷兰、丹麦、比利时等国家。遇国王更替,国庆的具体日期也随之更换。
The National Day is the very important Day for every country in the world. However different countries have the different names for the National Day, and the origins are varieties as well. There are 35 countries marked their National Day based on the time of establishment of the nation. Some countries marked their National Day based on Independence Day. January the first, 1804, Haiti declared independence in Port-Au-Prince by annihilating 60,000 expeditionary army of Napoleon. So did Mexico and Ghana etc. Some countries commemorate their National Day by the day of armed uprising. Bastille Day is the French national holiday, celebrated on July 14th of each year, On July 14, 1789, a howling Parisian mob stormed the Bastille, overthrowing the monarch regime. Other countries defined the day of crucial meetings as their national day. The Fourth of July, 1776 is the Independence Day of the United States to celebrate the signing of the Declaration of Independence. The birthday of the head of states or the day of ascend the throne is also used as the National Day by some countries such as Nepal; Thailand Sweden Netherlands Denmark Belgium etc. The specific date of the National Day is changeable for the replacement of the King in those states.